Motorbike riders with face masks are stuck in traffic during the morning peak hour on May 19 in Hanoi.

Vietnam: How did this 95 million country keep its coronavirus death toll to zero?

To skeptics, Vietnam’s official numbers may seem true. But Guy Thayets, an infectious disease doctor who works at a major hospital designated by the Vietnamese government to treat Kovid-19 patients, said the numbers matched the reality.

“I go to the wards every day, I know the cases, I know there are no deaths,” said Thaits, head of the Oxford University Clinical Research Unit in Ho Chi Minh City.

“If you don’t solve a community problem or it happens in an uncontrolled community, we’ll see cases in our hospital, people with a chest infection are probably not diagnosed – it never happened,” he said.

So how did Vietnam maintain its seemingly global trend and essentially protect the coronavirus from injury? According to public health experts, the answer lies in a combination of factors ranging from the pace of government, the initial response to prevent its spread, the search and segregation of rigorous communication, and effective public relations.

Acting early

Preparations for a coronavirus outbreak began a few weeks before Vietnam’s first case was detected.

At the time, both the Chinese authorities and the World Health Organization said there was no “clear evidence” of human-to-human transmission. But Vietnam was not taking any chances.

“We weren’t just waiting for the WHO’s direction. We’ve decided to take action soon, both outside and inside (the country). We’ve used it,” said Kwang Thai, deputy head of the infection control department at the National Institute. Hanoi is healthy and epidemiology.

In early January, Temperature screening Hanoi International Airport already had space for passengers arriving from Wuhan. Passengers with fever were monitored isolated and intensively, the country’s national broadcaster said Report Time.
By mid-January, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duk had the dam Order Government agencies will take “strict measures” to strengthen medical quarantine at border gates, airports and seaports, to prevent the disease from spreading in Vietnam.
On January 23, Vietnam confirmed this The first two are coronavirus cases – A Chinese citizen in Vietnam and his father, who came from Wuhan to visit his son. The next day, the aviation authorities of Vietnam Canceled From Uhan and all flights.
As the country celebrates the Lunar New Year holiday, its prime minister, Nguyen Juan Fuchs, has declared war on the coronavirus. “Fighting this epidemic is like fighting enemies.” Said At an emergency meeting of the Communist Party on January 27. Three days later, he formed a national steering committee to control the epidemic – the same day the WHO Announced The coronavirus is a public health emergency of international concern.
February 1, Vietnam Announced A national epidemic – only six confirmed cases have been recorded across the country. All flights between Vietnam and China were suspended and visas for Chinese nationals were suspended the next day.
Over the course of the month, travel restrictions, arrival segregation and visa suspension orders Extended Coronavirus has the potential to spread beyond China to countries such as South Korea, Iran and Italy. Vietnam finally Suspended Entry of all foreigners towards the end of March.
The Vietnam People's Army officer stands by to warn of a lockdown in the Loi community, the son of Binh Fuch province, on February 20.
Vietnam was also quick to take active lockdown measures. February 12, it Locked down An entire rural community of 10,000 people north of Honolulu is facing a seven-day coronavirus case for 20 days – the first large-scale lockdown known outside China. The schools and universities that were supposed to reopen in February after the Lunar New Year holidays were: Order To stay closed, and only reopened in May.

Thaweits, an infectious disease specialist in Ho Chi Minh City, said the speed of Vietnam’s response was the key to its success.

“In late January and early February, their work was much earlier than in many other countries. And it’s very helpful to be able to control it,” he said.

Careful communication

Effective steps in the initial decision effectively prevented the transmission of the community, leaving Vietnam’s confirmed cases at only 1 at by 13 February. For three weeks, there were no new infections – the Vietnamese had returned from abroad before the second wave hit in March.

Authorities strongly confirmed that the coronavirus had traced the contacts of the patients and kept them under a two-week mandatory procedure.

“We have a very strong system: 3 provincial CDCs (Centers for Disease Control), more than 70,000 district-level CDCs and more than 11,000 commune health centers. They are all responsible for finding contacts,” Dr. Fame told the National Institute. Hygiene and epidemiology.

A confirmed coronavirus patient must provide the health authorities with a complete list of all people who have been seen in the last 14 days. Fame said announcements were made in newspapers and on television to inform the public about where and when a coronavirus patient was, urging them to go to the health authorities for testing if they were there at the same time.

A woman stands in line to deliver a sample to a makeshift test center near Bach Mai Hospital in Hanoi on March 31st.

When Bach My Hospital in Hanoi, one of Vietnam’s largest hospitals, became a hotspot for carnivores in March, authorities imposed a lockdown on the opportunity and searched for nearly a million people related to the hospital, including doctors, patients. Visitors and their closest contacts by FAM.

“With the help of the search, we found almost everyone and asked them to stay at home and self-sufficient, and if they had any symptoms, they could visit the health center for a free examination.”

The authorities too Proven More than 15,000 people are connected to the hospital, including 1,000 health workers.

Vietnam’s search-and-rescue efforts were so subtle that it continued, not only through direct contact with the infected person, but also after indirect contact. “It’s one of the most unique parts of their response. I don’t think any country has quarantined at that level,” Thaits said.

All direct contacts were placed in government quarantine at health centers, hotels or military camps. According to some indirect contacts were ordered to self-isolate at home, a Study Vietnam’s Kovid-19 control system of about 20 health experts in the country.
A roadside barber donates a face mask and gives a Hanoi customer a haircut.

According to the study, as of May 1, about 1,000,000 people had been displaced by government facilities in Vietnam, and about 140,000 had been displaced at home or in hotels.

The study also found that 43 percent of the country’s first 200 Covid-19 patients had a non-communicable disease – which highlighted the value of rigorous communication and segregation. If authorities did not actively search for people at risk of infection, the virus could spread to communities quietly in the days before it was detected.

Public relations and publicity

From the beginning, the Vietnamese government has made clear to the public about this outbreak.

Dedicated websites, telephone hotlines and phone apps were set up to keep the public updated on the latest developments in epidemic and medical advice. The Ministry of Health regularly sent reminders to the citizens through SMS messages.

On a busy day, Pham said national hotlines could receive 20,000 calls without counting the hundreds of hotlines at the provincial and district levels alone.

A promotional poster to prevent the spread of coronavirus has been seen on a wall as a man smokes a cigarette on the streets of Honolulu.
The country’s huge promotional tools were also assembled, Awareness raising Through loudspeakers, street posters, press and social media out in late February, the Ministry of Health released an interesting music video based on Vietnamese pop hits to teach people how to properly wash their hands and other hygiene measures during an outbreak. Known as it immediately went viral, attracting more than ever 48 million Viewed on YouTube.

Thaiets said Vietnam’s rich experience in dealing with outbreaks of infectious diseases such as the stork epidemic and the following avian influenza from 2002 to 2003 has helped the government and the public better prepare for the Kovid-1p epidemic.

“The population is much more respectable than infectious diseases, probably more infectious diseases than in more affluent countries or countries – for example Europe, the United Kingdom and the United States,” he said.

“The country understands that these issues need to be taken seriously and comply with government guidelines on how the infection can spread.”

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