The Met Office says climate change, driven by industrial society, is having a growing impact on the UK’s climate.
Its annual UK report confirms that 1974-174 was the eleventh warmest year.
Although it did not make the top ten, the report said 2019 was significant for a record high temperature in the UK.
There was intense swaying in the weather from wet winter to sunny.
Temperature extreme size was:
- New high UK record (38.7 degrees Celsius) on July 25 in Cambridge
- A new winter record (21.2 degrees Celsius) – February 20 arrives in the UK for the first time in winter
- December 27 in Sutherland’s Asfari sets a new December record (18.7 সেন C)
- February 23 in Highland Achinagert a new February low record (13.9 degrees Celsius)
The state of the UK’s climate report, published by the Royal Meteorological Society, did not set a national low temperature record.
This shows that the UK temperature in 1991 was 1.1 degrees Celsius higher than the long-term average of 1911-1990.
Mike Kendon, lead author of the report, said: “Our report shows that climate change is having a growing impact on the UK.
“This year was warmer than any other year in the UK between 184 and 1990 and we have to go back to 1919 to find a year in the coldest decade.”
The Central England Temperature Series is the longest material record of the world’s temperatures, extending in 1659.
It was a particularly wet year across several parts of central and northern England, added Dr Mark McCarthy from the Met Office.
Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire and Cheshire received a quarter to one-third more rainfall than normal, he said. This was the ninth year of the series since 1862 for North England.
He said: “It is noteworthy that the UK now has the wettest February, April, June, November and December records since 2009 – five in 12 months.”
Hannah Clock, a professor of hydrology at Reading University, identified different trends.
He said: “In addition to the intense heat temperatures, the events of the stand-out weather in 2019 were caused by a variety of floods causing millions of pounds of damage and causing many people misery.
“The picture that emerges is that the UK faces multiple flood threats, most of which have been exacerbated by climate change.”
He cited the summer flash floods as an example of continued sea-level rise to increase the risk of winter river floods and coastal floods due to heavy rainfall and incessant heavy rainfall and storms.
Ilan Kelman, a professor at University College London, says heat will become a growing problem.
He said: “These UK records show that if we do nothing to stop climate change, it will be extremely dangerous for us to be on track for the summer heat and humidity that is outside of us – and indoors without being constantly cold.”
Gareth Redmond King from the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) says: “We should not record these. Tropical temperatures may be nice on occasion but here in the UK they are absolutely a reminder that we are in a climate crisis.
“The whole world needs to take action before next year’s UN climate conference; And as hosts we urgently need to raise our ambitions if the UK wants to show world leadership.
“Right now, that means investing in green recovery and spending reviews in the upcoming budget for both humans and the planet.”
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